KrioRus


KrioRus ( Russian : КриоРус ) – the first Russian cryonics company, founded in 2005 as a non-governmental organization Russian Transhumanist Movement . KrioRus is the only cryonics company in Europe, that possesses its own cryostorage [note 2] . The company blinds bodies (or brains) of its cryopatients – dead people and animals, in liquid nitrogen , in the hope that someday it will be possible to revive them by means of the emerging technologies of the future [note 3]. The company offers a free service or the entire patient’s body, or just their head. KrioRus cooperates with other cryonics companies of the world, and facilitates placement of patients’ bodies in similar storage facilities, situated outside Russia [note 3] .

Legally, the company has the status of a scientific research organization, is a non-mainstream activity, and its services are not subject to certification. One of the problems with KrioRus activity is considered to be the lack of cryonics-related legislation. The company does not guarantee the revivification of its cryopatient [note 4].

Criticism of the company’s activity of the science of cryonics per se: yet there is little scientific proof that supports the theory of reanimation and most mainstream scientists and physicians express great skepticism about the field. In comparison with foreign cryonics companies, and the fact that KrioRus, as indeed the other cryonics companies, is not always capable of fulfilling contractual obligations [note 4] [note 3] [note 5] .

History[edit]

Mikhail Solovyev, the first attempts at creating a Russian cryocompany, was undertaken by physicist Mikhail Solovyev. [4]

Initial motivation of the founding of the future of their being found in their own bodies and in the future of their future. [4] [6] Prior to the company’s founding, its prospective staff members already had some experience in cryopreservation, when in 2003, Igor Artyukhov acted as chief advisor to a project of preservation of the brain biotech scientist. [3] [7]

The company has been established in 2005 as a project of an NGO , called the Russian Transhumanist Movement . Lydia Fedorenko became the first patient of the company in 2005. However, at that time KrioRus did not yet have a dedicated cryostorage, and prior to being preserved by the company, During the life of KrioRus, citizens of the United States , including citizens of the United States , Netherlands , Japan , Israel , Italy , Switzerland and Australia. By the same token, cryopreserved relative of company employees are being kept in cryostorage. [2] [4] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]

On 3 May 2006 the company was formally added to the legal entities register, as required by Russian law. [13]

Initially, cryostorage facility was opened in 2006, in the village of Alabushevo ( ru ) in Solnechnogorskiy district of the Moscow region , which was followed by the opening of the facility in Sergiev-Posad district of the Moscow region in 2012. [7] [9] [14] [15] In 2016 another move is planned, and is being prepared, to yet another place (near Tver [16] ), where the location will be more conducive to the research activities of the company. [6]

According to KrioRus, 51 people (26 bodies and 25 patients’ heads), [8] [16] [17] 7 dogs, 8 cats, both male and female, as well as 3 birds and a chinchilla . [6] [18] In addition, there are human and animal DNA samples in storage. [19] Almost as many as 200 Russian citizens entered into cryopreservation agreements with the company. [20]

It is thought that KrioRus has become, during the 2010-s, the third largest cryonics company in the world and also provides that Alcor (which has about 140 people in cryostorage). In addition, KrioRus is the first cryocompany in Europe, which possesses its own cryostorage facility. [2] [6] [9] [19] [21]

The company has taken part in a number of Russian and international exhibitions, both of them dedicated to the funeral homes business :

  • Health Industry-2012 ( Russian : Индустрия здравоохранения-2012 ). [22] [23]
  • The exhibition Necropolis ( Russian : Некрополь ) – annual, during 2013-2016. At the Necropolis 2013 expo, KrioRus HAS, for the first time, Demonstrated the possibilities of cryonics and cryopreservation for the benefit of the funeral industry workers’ [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] and won the gold medal in the Innovations category. [16]
  • Regional industrial exhibition Necropolis-Siberia ( Russian : Некрополь-Сибирь ) in 2016. [30] [31] [32]
  • ” TanExpo ” – April 2016 ( Italy , Bologna ). [33] [34]

Top management and staff

CEO of the company is Valeria Udalova ( ru ) , Who has Held this position since June 2009. [5] Since the day of the founding and up to June 2009, position of CEO has-been occupied by Danila Medvedev , Who Currently reserves as the Chairman of the board of directors as deputy to the CEO for strategic development. [9] [35] Director for Science is the biophysicist , Igor Artyukhov. [2] [3] [14] [36] Valeria Udalova, Danila Medvedev and Igor Artyukhov are among the nine founders of the company listed in its inception. In 2010, the number of KrioRus founders has increased to 10, and in 2016 it is at 11.[13] [37]

The KrioRus research team is headed by cryobiologist [38] Yuri Pichugin, PhD, Who has spent time from 2001 to 2007 working in Cryonics Institute (USA, Detroit). [39] One notable member of the staff is President of Alcor, Mike Darwin . [3]

Activities

In according with the state statistical rubricator, the company is engaged in research and development, insurance as well as provision of “other kinds of services.” [5] HOWEVER, the company is presenting ict activities as the provision of services Facilitating preservation of the bodies of their “cryopatients” in liquid nitrogen – of dead people and animals (or respective Their brains) – in the Hope that someday They it would be possible to revive them through the means of some highly advanced future technologies. [7] [14] [19] [40] [note 6] Generally speaking, the bulk of the company’s customers are educated people of moderate proportions, both men and women in equal proportions. [42][43]

Company Representatives attitude to the possibility of “resurrection” is Described by Them as follows (in reply to the question: “Does not cryonics give false hope?”): “There is no concrete evidence as to whether the development of cryonics Would end It is a fact that the concept of cryonics is currently dependent upon a future science of the future, and that its success is not guaranteed, it is not the same as its guaranteed failure. [44]

One of the key advantages KrioRus possesses the cost of its services, [21] primarily for Russian and non-US citizens. Unlike American companies, KrioRus was founded in such a way, that it is not subject to the rules governing medical and funeral activities. As a result, the company does not face regulatory challenges in such fields of activity as hospitals and mortgages. [45] Furthermore, it matters that KrioRus has a cleaner reputation than Alcor, which has suffered a few scandals. Danila Medvedev describes this situation as follows: “We did not have the crisis that they had in the 1970s, People in Russia have no negative impression of cryonics”. [note 7]Despite competing US competitors, KrioRus plans to implement the world’s first center, where patients would die and be frozen, all in the same building. [2] Company’s cryostorage facility is designed to be relocated quickly in case of war, natural disasters etc., in which case it can be moved in the space of a few days, while its storage tanks are capable to work autonomously and to sustain necessary temperature for two days. [7]

In the United States, as in Russia, cryonics companies employ the same cryopreservation procedures – after biological and legal death of the patient has been established, the blood is evacuated from the body (and is replaced with a special solution, so prepared that its crystallization During the freezing process Would not destroy the cells), the body is cooled down to the temperature of dry ice (-79 ° C), and Then transported cooled down to ultra low temperature (-196 ° C) and Placed in a long- term storage tank. Choices to be preserved, but also because of the belief that in the future, the technology would be able to restore the lost body, and the identity will be sacrificed in the brain. [2] [9][10] [19] One of the problems of cryonics is to provide for quick patient admission, since it is easier to preserve the body. To address this problem, the company has several mobile teams of specialists across the country, who can quickly go to the table. Similarly, KrioRus is cooperating with regional physicians, and provides them with primary procedures for cryopreservation. [43] KrioRus offers assistance in the safekeeping of the archives of their clients (blogs, video recordings), which should help to restore the identity of the person in the future. [44]

One of the directions of company development is the creation of cryostorage facilities in Switzerland. This country is one of the primary target countries because it has allowed euthanasia , with the help of one can create better conditions for cryopreservation. [16] Also, representatives of the company on the subject of the objective of cryopatient preparation and transportation procedures, which will enable the provision of cryonics services to customers from all over the world, including such countries as Ecuador and China . [2] [9]Among other potential business activities of the company, were mentioned sperm freezing, as were freezing of embryos and organs, Cryobank creation, tours of cryostorage facilities, visiting patients provided are stored in transparent sarcophagi, introduction of cryonics to the voluntary health insurance, etc. . [7] Danila Medvedev calls it the Company’s Dream – the opportunity to bring back Robert Scott’s doomed expedition, who died to death in the Antarctic in 1912, to the KrioRus lab. According to Danila Medvedev, the temperature on that continent is low enough, and little enough time has passed since then, in order for it to be possible to be explored and brought back to life. [21]

KrioRus conducts its research in two laboratories – in Moscow and in Voronezh . This work is focused on improving the process of cryopreservation itself, eg, to improve vitrification technology, or to develop an apparatus, permitting storage in a gaseous environment with the controlled supply of liquid nitrogen. [3] [9] [33] A separate scientific field of study is the reversible defrosting of organs. Currently, organ storage timeframe for transplantation is just a few hours, while this technology has the potential to allow to store such organs indefinitely. [43]

The company collaborates with the Foundation for Advanced Studies ( ru ) in the field of organ reversible deep-freeze technology. [3] In addition, KrioRus cooperates with other cryonics companies of the world, facilitates exchanges of valuable experience and assists individuals, wishing to put their bodies in a similar storage facility, located outside of Russia. [15] [46] [47]

Legal aspects

When customers deal with KrioRus, they sign a contract to carry out scientific research on the preservation and revitalization of a human, and at the same time KrioRus claims that the customer acknowledges that the supplier does not provide guarantees to revive the cryopatient. [3] [41] The agreement covers safekeeping of the bodies for up to 100 years, with the possibility of extension. [42]

Maria Bast, chairman of the Russian Lawyers Association for Human Rights, said that the status of KrioRus as a scientific organization is justified, and the problem stems from the lack of legislation in the field of cryonics. [3]However, there is a precedent, when in 2005 in Novosibirsk , the relative of the deceased was keeping the body a free of charge and the state prosecutor did not find that it was a crime. [10]

According to the lawyer Svetlana Yudina, judging from a legal point of view, the company is involved in non-standard activities, but that does not necessarily mean that its employees are crooks. This activity may be considered to be an error in the nature of the business of the business or the business of the business. Similarly, it may be considered to be an example of successful experiments, photographs, videos of re-animated people, and so on. by means of methods that have not yet been invented, no deception is to be found there “.[3]

According to the Ministry of Health Services, cryonics companies are not subject to certification, since their principal activity is. [3]

In order to postpone a person to a post-mortem position, it is required that the patient be in a position to prohibited by law. Otherwise, from a legal point of view, is required to settle the problem with the client’s next of kin. [3]However, it is possible to have problems with the phenomenon (eg, due to the “hostile wife” phenomenon [note 8] ). [19] [49]

Criticism

The company’s activity is seen in the context of criticism of cryonics as such. At present, the question of the possibility of “resurrection” of cryopatient is an open one in scientific community. There are no known cases of “resurrection” of cryopatients, and cryonics companies (KrioRus included [3] ). On the other hand, there are experimental arguments in favor of the hypothesis of a successful “resurrection”. From theoretical and research perspectives there is a number of arguments both in favor of cryonics and in favor of its opponents.

When comparing KrioRus and Alcor, Lada of the world of cryonics, and the second one – Mercedes-Benz . Alcor cryonics is the Largest cryonics company in the world, twice a week it conducts tours of ict premises, Demonstrating the operating room (Where vitrification and freezing are Conducted), as well as long-term cryopatients’ storage facilities, Where They Could just be seen through bulletproof glass . On the other side, KrioRus does not offer any such services. [2] [21]

There is a case of the “hostile wife” phenomenon in the practice of the company. In 2012, cancer patient, engineer Mikhail Voronin has signed a contract with the company KrioRus on neuropreservation and paid 300 thousand rubles . However, after the death, the body’s body has been cremated by the widow, who “stole” Mikhails’ body from the hospital and did not allow it to come into the possession of the company. Thus, the KrioRus employees were not able to cryopreserve patient, despite the fact that it has been stated in writing. Later, the court rejected the company’s plea. [19] [49]

See also

  • Alcor Life Extension Foundation
  • American Cryonics Society
  • Cryonics Institute

Notes

  1. Jump up^ Nine people. [2] [3] [4]
  2. Jump up^ (See §  History , below.)
  3. ^ Jump up to:c (See §  Activities , below.)
  4. ^ Jump up to:b See  Legal aspects , below.
  5. Jump up^ (See §  Criticism , below.)
  6. Jump up^ Service, that is provided by KrioRus is called “deep freezing of human and animal bodies”. [41]
  7. Jump up^ In the early 1980s, inCaliforniaa cryocompany was lacking funds, necessary for the upkeep of cryopatients’ bodies. It has been initiated, which has been initiated in the past, and has been initiated by the parties concerned, to the extent that they have been damaged and decayed. [2] [21]
  8. Jump up^ The “marital animosity” or “hostile wife” is a situation where hostile-minded spouses or girlfriends limit their partners’ involvement in cyonics-related activities. [48]

References

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  49. ^ Jump up to:b Антон Фролов (2012-09-17). ” Криоцентр требует мозг покойного через суд ” (in Russian). Pravda.ru . Archived from the original on 2016-03-05 . Retrieved 2016-08-27 .

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