The banner of peace is a symbol of the Roerich Pact . This pact is the first international treaty dedicated to the protection of artistic and scientific institutions and historical monuments.  It was signed on April 15, 1935. The banner of peace was proposed by Nicholas Roerich for an international treaty for the protection of cultural values.
Roerich described the sign thus:
“[the] proposed banner is the symbol of the whole world, not a country, but the whole of the world has the symbol of Eternity and Unity. this Banner will fly over all the cultural monuments and has already been launched. 
“We are asked to collect where the signs of our Banner of Peace are.” The sign of trinity is found scattered around the world. the circle of eternity, others explain it as a religion, knowledge and art in the circle of culture. ” 
The following description of the sign appears in the official text of the pact: 
“In order to identify the monuments and institutions mentioned in Article I, the use of a distinctive flag”
In the text of the pact, Roerich wrote:
“The Banner of Peace,” is the symbol of the “Roerich Pact.” This article provides a comprehensive overview of the subject of human trafficking. 
The origin of Roerich’s idea for the creation of the Banner of Peace Russian icon by Andrei Rublev . Roerich wrote about this in his letter to Baron MA Taube:
Its meaning is expressed in the Rublev’s icon. This photo will be with You in Paris in the box of any new attempts to destroy already existing. In addition, I send you a photo of St. Queen of the Banner – Madonna Oriflamma. “(Letter from NK Roerich to Baron M. Taube, 13.02.1932.)
NK Roerich has adduced the following illustrations of the presence of the Banner of Peace in the pictures and icons of the great spiritual devotees from various religions: [ clarification needed ]
“Our post from various countries is much more about the propagation of our Pact for the protection of cultural values.” We have received a copy of an ancient icon of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker <…>, which is confirmed to be printed by metropolitan Antony From other regions we have received a photo of an edition of Kiev-Pecherskaya Laura press from 1860 of the service to Venerable Sergius of Radonezh, the Miracle-Worker From Spain we have received a picture of St. Domingo from “Silos” (archaeological museum, Madrid) Also from Spain we have received a picture of St. Michael by Bartolommeo Vermekho (1440). ” 
“The sign of the banner is also found at the Temple of Heaven.” Tamga “of Tamerlane consists of the same sign of” The sign of Three Treasures “is known to many countries of the East. The same fibula in the same fibula we have seen in Scandinavia. Madonna of Strasbourg has the same sign as the Spanish Saints The St. Sergius and St. Nicholas Miracle-Worker: The sign of a large breast fibula is depicted on Christ’s breast on the well-known H. Memling’s picture When we go over sacramental pictures of Byzantine, Roma, the same symbol of the sacramental pictures on the world. 
Conditions of using the banner of peace sign
The monuments and institutions, on which the banner of peace is proposed, should be included by National governments in the special list.
The signatory Governments and those who accede to this treaty, to the Pan American Union, at the time of signature or accession, or at any time thereafter, a list of the monuments and institutions for which they desire the protection treaty. The Pan American Union, when notifying the Governments of Signatures or Accessions, will also send the list of monuments and institutions mentioned in this article, and will inform the other Governments of any changes in said list.
The monuments and institutions mentioned in this article are subject to the privileges recognized in the present treaty.
Roerich wrote about these conditions:
“Institutions, collections and tasks, registered under the Roerich Pact , exhibit a distinctive flag qui Gives Them the right to special protection and respect from belligerent countries and peoples of all countries participante in the treaty.”
Pact bodies. Pact bodies. The same standing exists concerning a distinctive banner of Red Cross (which also is based on the ancient symbol – cross).
Important cultural events with the Banner of Peace
In 1990, Russian cosmonauts Aleksandr Balandin and Anatoly Solovyev performed on a space station on Orbital Mir station with the banner of peace on board. This flight is completed by 144 orbits of the Earth. 
An international scientific “banner of peace” was conducted in 1997, with the banner of peace again delivered to the orbiting Mir. The aim of this action is to call for life and beauty on Earth. Many international crews worked in Mir with the banner aboard. Cosmonaut Paul Vinogradov, a participant of the project, said:
“We have raised the banner of peace over the earth in order of a space of culture and the space of war and animosity forever.” We call all nations and nations to build new spiritual, scientific and artistic cooperation. 
After completing the project and returning from orbit, the banner of peace was passed to the International Center of the Roerichs. It is now exhibited there.
On January 5, 1999, the banner of peace was presented to President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan . Space pilot AA Leonov and Professor Kapitsa participated in the ceremony, which was conducted in the Presidential Palace in Almaty . 
Mountaineers have lifted the banner of peace over many mountain peaks. Among these are the following:
- – Elbrus ; 
- – Belukha , Roerich peak, Urusvati peak, Svetoslav Roerich peak (Altai); 
- – Khan-Tengri (Middle Asia);
- – Everest ( Himalayas )
The banner of peace Was first raised at the North Pole by the famous traveler Fyodor Konyukhov in 1988. In 1999, participants of the International complex Antarctic Expedition first “Towards XXI to” raised the banner of peace at the South Pole . The banners from these expeditions are now exhibited in the International Center of the Roerichs. 
In October, 2004 during the celebration of Roerich’s 100th anniversary, the banner of peace was given to the space station was presented to the Indian Parliament. Taking the banner, Speaker S. Chatterji said:
“It will be kept in the library of Indian Parliament as most precious treasure.” 
Relevant papers by Roerich
- The Banner (February 6, 1932)
- The Banner (April 15, 1935)
- The Banner of Peace (May 24, 1939)
- The Banner of Peace (October 25, 1945)
- Our Banner (February 15, 1946)
- To friends of Banner of Peace (June 1, 1947)
- “Banner of Peace Hall” . International Center of the Roerichs.
- Barkova, AL “Symbolism of the Roerich’s Banner of Peace” (in Russian).
- Balandin, AN, et al. “Banner of Peace in the space.” Collected articles “Let’s protect the culture.” Proceedings of international public and scientific conference dedicated to 60th anniversary of the Roerich Pact. Moscow: ICR, 1996. P. 208 (In Russian).
- Kutsarova, MP “Protection of the sign of Banner of Peace which is the Red Cross of Culture” (in Russian).
- Morgachev, V. (April 14-20, 2005). “The sign of distinction”. Culture . 14 (7473).
- Shaposhnikova, LV (April 14-20, 2005). “Beauty and knowledge are the foundations” . Culture (in Russian). 14 (7473).