Extropianism , also referred to as the philosophy of Extropy , is an “evolving framework of values ​​and standards for continually improving the human condition “. [1] Extropians believe that advances in science and technology will some day let people live indefinitely. An extropian may wish to contribute to this goal, eg by doing research and development or by volunteering to test new technology.

Extropianism Describes a pragmatic consilience of transhumanist thought was guided by proactionary approach to human evolution and progress . quote needed ]

Originated by a set of principles developed by the philosopher Max More , The Principles of Extropy , [2] extropian thinking and strong emphasis on rational thinking and on practical optimism . According to More, these principles “do not specify particular beliefs, technologies, or policies”. Extropians share of the future , expecting considerable advances in computational power, life extension , nanotechnology and the like. Many quantify ] extropians foresee the eventual realization of indefinite lifespans, And the recovery, thanks to future advances in biomedical technology or mind uploading , Of Those Whose bodies / brains-have-been preserved by means clustering of cryonics . quote needed ]


The term ‘extropy’, as antonym to ‘ entropy ‘ was used in a 1967 academic volume of cryogenics [3] and in a 1978 academic volume of cybernetics . [4] Diane Duane was the first to use the term “extropy” to signify a potential transhuman destiny for humanity. [5] ‘Extropy’ as coined by Tom Bell (TO Morrow) and defined by Max More in 1988, is “the extent of a living or organizational system’s intelligence , functional order, vitality, energy , life , experience , and capacity and drive. for improvement and growth. “] Extropy is not a rigorously defined technical term in philosophy or science; in a metaphorical sense, it simply expresses the opposite of entropy .

The Extropy Institute

In 1986 More joined Alcor , a Cryonics company, and helped establish (with Michael Price, Garret Smyth and Luigi Warren) the first European cryonics organization, Mizar Limited (later Alcor UK). [6] In 1987, More moved to Los Angeles from Oxford University in England to work on his Ph.D. in philosophy at the University of Southern California .

In 1988, Extropy: The Journal of Transhumanist Thought was first published. (For the first FEW issues, it was “Extropy: Vaccine for Future Shock”.) This Brought together thinkers with interests in artificial intelligence , nanotechnology , genetic engineering , life extension , mind uploading , Idea future , robotics , space exploration , memetics , and the politics and economics of transhumanism. Alternative media organizations have started reviewing the magazine, and it has attracted interest from like-minded thinkers. Later, More and Bell co-founded the Extropy Institute,non-profit 501 (c) (3) educational organization. “Exi” was formed as a transhumanist networking and information center with a view to understanding the importance of the environment.

The Extropy Institute’s email list was launched in 1991 (and, as of April 2015, continues to exist as “Extropy-Chat”), and in 1992 the institute began producing the first conferences on transhumanism. citation needed ] Affiliate members throughout the world organizing their own transhumanist groups. Extro Conferences, meetings, parties, on-line debates, and documentaries continue to spread transhumanism to the public.

In 2006, the board of directors of the Extropy Institute made a decision to close the organization, stating that its mission was “substantially completed.” [7]


Extropism is a modern derivation of the transhumanist philosophy of Extropianism. It follows the same tradition – hence the similarity in naming – but has been revised to reflect the perceived paradigms of the 21st century. As introduced in The Extropist Manifesto , [8] it is an optimistic futuristic philosophy, which spell out the word “EXTROPISM”:

  • Endless eXtension
  • Transcending Restriction
  • Overcoming Property
  • Intelligence
  • Smart Machines

Extropists desire to extend their life span to a near- immortal state and exist in a world where artificial intelligence and irrelevant robotics have made work. As in utilitarianism, the purpose of one’s life is to increase the overall happiness of all creatures on Earth through cooperation . [8]

The Extropist Manifesto was written by web entrepreneur Breki Tomasson and writer Hank Pellissier – both of whom had a long transhuman interest – in January, 2010. [8] Extropianism, while continuing to building on its original tenets. Extropian Principles [9] for example, by placing a significant focus on the use of surveillance , copyright and patent laws. [8]

See also

  • Biopunk movement
  • Cyborg anthropology
  • Democratic transhumanism
  • Digital probabilistic physics
  • Eclipse Phase , a tabletop game that uses the philosophy in its futuristic setting.
  • Futures studies
  • holism
  • Law of Complexity / Consciousness
  • Meliorism
  • negentropy
  • Posthuman
  • Proactionary Principle
  • Sustainability
  • Systems philosophy
  • Systems thinking
  • Transhumanism


  1. Jump up^ Max More (2003). “Principles of Extropy (Version 3.11): An evolving framework of values ​​and standards for the improvement of the human condition” . Extropy Institute. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15
  2. Jump up^ Max More (2003). “Principles of Extropy (Version 3.11): An evolving framework of values ​​and standards for the improvement of the human condition” . Extropy Institute. Archived from the original on 2013-10-15
  3. Jump up^ Cryogenics, IPC Science and Technology Press, vol. 7, pg. 225 (1967)
  4. Jump up^ Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Cybernetics & Systems: “Current Topics in Cybernetics and Systems”, pg. 258 (1978)
  5. Jump up^ Duane, Diane. “The Wounded Sky” (1983)
  6. Jump up^ ” ” The Alcor Team ” ” . Retrieved 26 May 2016 .
  7. Jump up^ Extropy Institute (2006). “Next Steps” . Retrieved 2006-05-05 .
  8. ^ Jump up to:d The Extropist Manifesto . The Extropist Examiner (blog).
  9. Jump up^ More, Max (1998). “The Extropian Principles (Version 3.0): A Transhumanist Declaration” . Extropy Institute.

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