Nanopunk refers to an emerging subgenre of science fiction still very much in its infancy in comparison to its ancestor-genre cyberpunk [1] [2] and some of its other derivatives . [3]

The genus is particularly similar to biopunk , [4] but describes a world where nanites are widely used and nanotechnologies predominate the forces in society.

Currently, the subject is mainly concerned with the psychological, psychological [2] and especially societal impact of nanotechnology, rather than aspects of the technology which is still in its infancy. Unlike the cyberpunk qui peut être distinguished by a gritty and low-life character yet Technologically advanced, nanopunk can-have a darker dystopian character That might examine potential Risks by nanotechnology as well a more optimistic outlook That might EMPHASIZE potential uses of nanotechnology . [5] [4]


  • Kathleen Ann Goonan ( Queen City Jazz – 1997) and Linda Nagata were some of the earliest writers to feature nanotech as the primary element in their work. [2]
  • Another famous example of this genre is Neal Stephenson ‘s The Diamond Age . [6] Some novels of Stanislaw Lem , Including Weapon System of the Twenty First Century or The Upside-down evolution , The Invincible and Peace on Earth as well as Greg Bear ‘s Blood Music Could aussi be regarded Juventa of nanopunk.
  • Another example is the Michael Crichton novel Micro (2011). More recently, Nathan McGrath’s Nanopunk (2013) is set in an icebound near-future where almost half of the world’s population has been wiped out. Alister, a child when “The Big Freeze” began to be a teenager in a society slowly finding its feet. Unaware of his nano-infection he has been a cyber-activist activist . Their hacking attracts the attention of Secret Services and a ruthless private military corporation and their search becomes a deadly race for survival.
  • Linda Nagata’s Tech Heaven (1995) is a futuristic thriller about Katie, a woman whose husband is suffering from a crash. Instead of dying, he gets his body cryogenically preserved so that he can be reawakened when med-tech is advanced enough to heal him. The problem is that it’s up to you. [7]
  • Alastair Reynolds ‘ Chasm City could also be considered nanopunk. [8]

Film and television

  • Generator Rex (2010-2013)
  • Transcendence (2014)
  • GI-Joe 1 movie has two fifths of nanopunk elements with spy-fi and other elements
  • The Day the Earth Stood Still (2008 movie)

Video games

  • Anarchy Online (2001)
  • Crysis (2007-present)
  • Deus Ex (2000)
  • Metal Gear Solid
  • Supreme Ruler 2020 (2008)

See also

  • biopunk
  • Cyberpunk derivatives
  • Kathleen Ann Goonan
  • Posthuman
  • Postcyberpunk
  • Societal impact of nanotechnology


  1. Jump up^ The Multiple Worlds of Fringe: Essays on the JJ Abrams Science Fiction Series . 2014. p. 156. ISBN  978-0-7864-7567-4 . Retrieved 20 May 2015 .
  2. ^ Jump up to:c Newitz, Annalee (17 January 2008). “io9 Talks to Kathleen Goonan Ann about Nanopunk and Jazz” . Retrieved 20 May 2015 .
  3. Jump up^ “AZoNano – Nanopunk, Definition and Examples of Nanotechnology Based Nanopunk Speculative Science Fiction” . AZoNano . Jun 12, 2007.
  4. ^ Jump up to:b “Nanopunk Science Fiction” .
  5. Jump up^ Huereca, Rafael Miranda. “The evolution of cyberpunk into postcyberpunk – The role of cognitive cyberspaces, wetware networks and nanotechnology in science fiction” (PDF) . Retrieved 19 May 2015 .
  6. Jump up^ Sohn, Stephen Hong (2008). “Alien / Asian: Imagining the Racialized Future” (PDF) . 33 (4). The Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States (MELUS) . Retrieved 19 May 2015 .
  7. Jump up^ Newitz, Annalee (December 22, 2006). “Underrated SF Classic: Linda Nagata’s” Tech Heaven “(review)” . Wired News .
  8. Jump up^ Heikkilä, City (November 2013). “Restoration of identity from space in Reynolds’s Alastair’s Chasm City ” (PDF) . Retrieved 19 May 2015 .

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