Russian cosmism is a philosophical and cultural movement that emerged in Russia in the early 20th century. It entails a broad theory of natural philosophy , combining elements of religion and ethics with a history and philosophy of the origin , evolution and future existence of the cosmos and humankind . It combines Eastern and Western philosophical traditions as well as the Russian Orthodox Church .
One of the influences on Proletkult , and after the October Revolution , the term came to be applied to “the poetry of such writers as Mikhail Gerasimov and Vladimir Kirillov …: emotional paeans to physical labor, machines, and the collective of industrial workers … organized around the image of the universal ‘Proletarian,’ who strides from the earth to conquer planets and stars. ‘  This form of cosmism, along with the writings of Nikolai Fyodorov , was a strong influence on Andrei Platonov .
Many ideas of the Russian cosmists were later developed by those in the transhumanist movement. 
Among the representatives of Russian cosmism was Nikolai Fyodorovich Fyodorov (1828-1903), an advocate of radical life by means of scientific methods, human immortality and resurrection of dead people.
Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935) was among the pioneers of theoretical space exploration and cosmonautics . In 1903, he published the пространствъ реактивными приборами ( The Exploration of Cosmic Space by Means of Reactive Devices [Rockets] ), the first serious scientific work on space travel. Tsiolkovsky believed that colonizing space would lead to the perfection of the human race, with immortality and a carefree existence. He also developed ideas of the “animated atom” ( panpsychism ), and “radiant mankind”. In 1881 Russian revolutionary and rocket Nikolai Kibalchich pioneer proposed an idea of pulsedrocket propulsion by combustion of explosives, which was an early precursor for Project Orion .
Other cosmists included Vladimir Vernadsky (1863-1945), who developed the notion of noosphere , and Alexander Chizhevsky (1897-1964), pioneer of ” heliobiology ” (study of the sun’s effect on biology).    A minor planet , 3113 Chizhevskij (discovered by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh in 1978) is named after him. 
- Russian Futurism
- Russian philosophy
- Jump up^ Thomas Seifrid,A Companion To Andrei Platonov’sThe Pit Foundation (Academic Studies Press, 2009:ISBN 1-934843-57-1), pp. 69-70.
- Jump up^ Art works by Russian cosmism painter XX – XXI ct. Catalog of exhibition 2013 . Roerich museum. 2013 . Retrieved 19 October 2015 .
- Jump up^ LV Golovanov, Alexander Chizhevsky entry in theGreat Russian Encyclopedia, Moscow, 2001 edition. SeeGoogle.Translate version of the article from the Russian version of the Encyclopedia.
- Jump up^ Soiuz Pisatelei, Soviet Literature, Issues 1-6,p. 188, Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1982.
- Jump up^ James T. Andrews, “Red cosmos: KE Tsiolkovskii, grandfather of Soviet rocketry”, Issue 18 Centennial of Flight Series,p. 114, Texas A & M University Press, 2009,ISBN 1-60344-168-9,ISBN 978- 1-60344-168-1
- Jump up^ Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – p.257
- Jump up^ Tsiolkovsky, Konstantin. “Konstantin E. Tsiolkovsky quotes” . ThinkExist.com Quotations . ThinkExist.